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海港区2017—2018学年度第二学期期末 初二英语试卷

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海港区2017-2018学年度第二学期期末质量监测
初二英语试题
提示:1.本试卷分卷Ⅰ和卷Ⅱ两部分。卷Ⅰ为选择题,卷Ⅱ为非选择题。
      2.请同学们在答题卡上完成答题,写在试卷上的答案一律无效。
卷Ⅰ  选择题(共60分)
听力部分
. 听句子,选出句子中所包含的信息。(共5小题,每小题1分,计5分)
1.  A. clever               B. climber              C. collector
2.  A. look after            B. run after              C. take after
3.  A. in the face of         B. at the end of           C. in the front of
4.  A. He was too nervous to speak.
B. He was very nervous, but he could speak.
C. He can’t speak if he is nervous.
5.  A. Julia is taller than her teacher.
B. Julia is the tallest student in her class.
C. Julia is the shortest girl in her class.
. 听句子,选出该句的最佳答语。(共5小题,每小题1分,计5分)
6.  A. I’m sorry to hear that.  
B. Why not lie down and have a good rest.
C. I disagree with you.
7.  A. About 6,300 kilometers long.  
B. For many years.
C. About 5,200 meters away from here.
8.  A. Yes, he has.               B. Yes, please.             C. Not yet.
9.  A. I think it’s exciting.         B. I think so.              C. I’m afraid I can’t.
10.  A. Of course not.            B. OK, I will.              C. I think so.
. 听对话和问题,选择正确的选项。(共5小题,每小题1分,计5分)
11. What does David like now?
A. Sports better than music.     
B. Neither sports nor music.   
C. Both sports and music.    
12. How long has David been interested in Music?
A. Since two days ago.         B. For two weeks.           C. For two months.
13. What made David miss his family?
A. The sports.       B. The radio.          C. The song
14. What did Mike buy in Paris?
A. Nice clothes.      B. Delicious pies.      C. Nice bags.
15. What happened to Mike when he was in Paris?
A. He got lost.       B. He caught a cold.     C. He caught a thief.
笔试部分
Ⅳ. 单项选择。(共15小题,每小题1分,计15分)
16. --- I don’t like playing soccer. 
--- Me ________.
     A. too             B. either           C. neither         D. not
17. Come to me           you need me.
     A. however        B. whenever        C. whatever        D. whether
18. The Smiths have two children. One is a son, __________ is a daughter.
     A. the other        B. another          C. other            D. others
19. Alice has ________ everywhere but she still can’t find her watch.
     A. competed       B. progressed        C. searched        D. succeeded
20. She used to ________ to work, but now she is used to ________ to work on foot.
     A. drive; go        B. driving; going     C. driving; go       D. drive; going
21. Smoking is bad for our health. Try to________, please.
   A. give up it        B. give it up        C. give away it       D. give it away
22. ---I called you just now, but nobody answered.
---Oh, I          a shower when the bell rang.
     A. am taking        B. took            C. was taking       D. have taken
23. ---When will you return the book to me?
   ---I’ll give it back to you __________ I finish reading it.
     A. although         B. unless           C. until            D. as soon as
24. ---May I speak to Mr. Smith?
---Sorry, he         Hong Kong. But he will be back in a few days.
A. has been to       B. has gone to       C. has been in       D. has gone
25. _____ you work, __________ progress you will make.
A. The hard; the great                    B. Harder; greater       
C. The harder; the greater               D. The hardest; the greatest
26. --- Could your come to my birthday party this Sunday?
--- ________. I have to look after my little sister at home.      
A. Sorry, I can’t.     B. Sure, I can.      C. Of course, I could.  D. No, I couldn’t.
27. --- Do you know him well?
--- Sure. We ________ friends since ten years ago.
     A. were            B. have been        C. have become      D. have made
28. About _______ of the population here ________ farmers.
A. two fifth; is       B. two fifth; are      C. two fifths; is       D. two fifths; are
29. During her second day Sally looked_________ more tired than on her first day.
     A. much            B. very            C. too              D. a lot of
30. He can’t remember _________ at this time yesterday.
     A. what is he doing                     B. what was he doing
     C. What he did                         D. what he was doing
Ⅴ. 完型填空。(共10小题,每小题1分,计10分)
阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从各小题所给的四个选项中选出最佳选项.
My uncle has a very beautiful umbrella. He's   31   it for years. As he is very careful with it, it still looks   32   a new one. I asked my uncle whether he bought it or someone sent him as a gift. He shook his head.  “Then how did you get it?” I asked.
“Well, ” he answered, “it is a strange but true story about the umbrella.About ten years ago I was walking along a quiet London street one evening   33   it rained suddenly.I had no raincoat or umbrella.No buses ran through that street and there were no taxis in sight. And the people in the streets were   34  . As I was on my way to a party, I was afraid to get wet. So I stood in a doorway and waited for the rain to stop. By and by it grew quite dark. What was   35  , there wasn’t a person around, and still it rained and rained.At last a young man came to the place where I was standing. He held a large umbrella over his head.As I hoped he would allow me to walk to the next street corner with him   36   get a taxi. I stepped out of the dark doorway where I had been standing. I asked him   37   he was going with that umbrella. As I suddenly appeared before him, the young man was so   38   that he dropped the umbrella. He ran away and disappeared into the darkness. I   39   the umbrella and continued my walk.I knew it would be hopeless in this big city to find the owner, so I’ve kept it   40  .”
31. A. borrowed  B. bought  C. had   D. seen
32. A. better than B. as good as  C. so good as D. worse than
33. A. when  B. because  C. though   D. while
34. A. more and more B. fewer and fewer C. less and less D. busier and busier
35. A. less important  B. more important C. better D. worse
36. A. so that B. in order that C. in order to D. instead of
37. A. where B. why C. when D. whether
38. A. moved B. excited C. angry D. shocked
39. A. parted with B. picked up C. set up D. gave away
40. A. ever since B. for a while C. since D. forever
. 阅读理解。(共10小题,每小题2分,计20分)
阅读A、B两篇材料,然后从各小题所给的四个选项中选出最佳选项.
A
I am Wilson. My sister and I spent our summer holidays with our uncle this year. He was a geologist and loved to collect stones.
One day, he bought us two backpacks and asked us to go to the mountain with him. We walked the whole day. Every now and then he put stones in our backpacks. To our surprise, he also took some stones out from them. But we thought he had just found better stones.
When we returned to the house, we were very tired. The backpacks were so heavy that we felt great relief when we took them off. Yet our uncle's backpack was half empty.
“Why did you give us so many stones?” We asked.
 “I didn't. You did,” he said. “You didn't know it, but I gave you a little attitude(态度)test today. I listened to every word you said. Each time you were complaining(抱怨),I added a stone to your backpacks. Each time you talked about something with positive(积极的) thinking,I took out a stone. And now look at your backpacks.”
 Our backpacks were full of stones.  
“Your negative(消极的) thoughts are just like stones. You carry them in your mind just like those stones in your backpacks. The more negative thoughts you have, the heavier your mind will be,” said our uncle. With great love, our uncle taught us one of the most important lessons in life—the power of the attitude.
41. Where did Wilson’s uncle ask Wilson and his sister to go?
   A. To the mountain.  B. To the seaside.  C. To the countryside.  D. To the forest. 
42. What did Wilson think when his uncle took out some stones from his backpack?
   A. He thought he said too many words on the way.                         
B. He thought his uncle had found better stones.            
C. He thought his uncle wanted him to feel relaxed.
D. He thought he had talked about something positive.
43. What does the underlined word “them” in the last paragraph mean?
A. The stones.              B. The backpacks.
C.  The positive thoughts.    D. The negative thoughts.
44. What can we know from the passage?
A. Wilson and his sister complained too much on the way.
B.  Wilson and his sister did a great job for their uncle.
C.  Wilson and his sister enjoyed collecting stones very much.
D.  Wilson and his sister chose wrong backpacks to carry the stones.
45. What does the story mainly tells us? 
A. The more positive thoughts you have, the heavier your mind will be.
B. Young kids should carry heavy backpacks. 
C. We should have a positive attitude towards life.
D. When we take backpacks off, we will feel great relief.     
B
Do you worry about your health? Have you tried to run or walk for exercise and then stop? If you answer yes, you should try a new type of exercise: aquatic(水中的) exercise. Aquatic exercise is a kind of exercise you do in a swimming pool. For example, you can run, walk, or even do a mind-body practice, such as yoga. More and more people are trying aquatic exercise. In the United States, the number has grown by 25% in recent years.
Aquatic exercise has many benefits(益处). First of all, it feels easier than exercising on land. Why? You weigh about 90% less in the pool. It is also better for your knees than running or walking.
Aquatic exercise feels easy, but you still burn calories (卡路里). Water is 1,000 times thicker and heavier than air. In the same amount of time, you can burn more calories in the pool than in the gym. That's because it takes more energy to move in the water.
Aquatic exercise is safe and easy to learn. It doesn’t require any special skills. For most kinds of aquatic exercise, you don't even need to know how to swim.
In fact, most people say they feel more relaxed in the water. They stop thinking about the things that make them anxious. The cool and quiet environment makes them exercise more.
Aquatic exercise is suitable for everyone. You can do it at any age. It can even help people who have been hurt in accidents. With aquatic exercise, they can move in ways they can't on land.
So are you looking for a fun new way to improve your health? Try joining the millions of people who are burning calories while keeping cool in the pool.
46. Where do people do aquatic exercise?
A. In a lake.        B. In a swimming pool.   
C. In the sea.       D. In a river near their home.
47. Why do people burn more calories while doing aquatic exercise?
A. Because it takes more energy.      B. Because it feels easier than exercising on land .
C. Because it is safe and easy to learn.  D. Because it can even help injured people.
48. Who is aquatic exercise suitable for?
A. Women.        B. Men.            C. Children.         D. Everyone.
49. According to passage, which of the following is NOT true?
A. Aquatic exercise feels easier because you weigh less in water.
B. Aquatic exercise makes people feel relaxed in the water.
C. Aquatic exercise requires special skills.
D. 25 percent more people in the U.S. has tried aquatic exercise in recent years.
50. What is the passage mainly about?
A. What aquatic exercise is and its benefits.  
B. Aquatic exercise is a new style of exercise.
C. Aquatic exercise can help injured people.   
D. People are interested in doing exercise.
卷Ⅱ  非选择题(共40分)
听力部分(第二节)
Ⅶ. 听短文填空。(共5小题,每小题1分,计5分)
Information Sheet
Some places in Canada Kitty with her friends has been to:
Water Park 51. It is one of the ______________________ parks in the world with more than 20 water activities.
CN Tower 52. It’s also called Toronto Tower. The Tower is the symbol of Canada, over ___________(用阿拉伯数字填写)meters high with 147 floors, built in 1976.
53. Last year it was visited by one _________________ five hundred thousand people from all over the world.
Minnewanka
Lake
54. It is 28 kilometers long and 142 meters deep, making it the _____________  lake in Canada
55. It was such a ____________________ place that they could hear the sounds of the birds and the water.
 
. 任务型阅读。(共5小题,每题2分,共10分)
阅读下面一篇短文,并按要求完成短文后的任务。
With online booksellers and e-readers becoming popular, traditional bookstores seem to be dying out. But is it true? Many traditional bookstores are now trying everything to make themselves more attractive(有吸引力的) to readers. And some of them have done a great job. 
Online bookstores usually have larger book stocks(库存) than traditional bookstores. However, some traditional ones are clever enough to sell just one kind of book and win the hearts of a special group of people. Trends Lounge in Beijing is such a place for art lovers. The bookstore has walls of books with arts and design. You may meet popular artists there or perhaps even a happy couple that chooses to get married in the bookstore.
Some bookstores even go one step further. They themselves have become tourist places by showing the characteristics(特色)of their cities. Hong Kong has many second-floor bookstores. These bookstores are small, but their books are carefully chosen, just like the city of Hong Kong.
In order to attract customers to read books at the store, some traditional bookstores are also coming up with coffee centers in bookstores, providing free WiFi for readers, holding reading clubs for students and opening a self-service book store in the downtown area.
A great bookstore can encourage people to read in many ways. After all, you can’t replace(替换)the touch of paper, the smell of print, and the wonderful feeling of being in a bookstore. Paper books give people a very different reading experience than e-books.
56题为完成句子;57~58题为简略回答问题;59题为找出并写下全文的主题句;60题为将文中画线句子译成汉语。
56. Online bookstores can’t ____________ traditional bookstores, because paper books can give people a very different reading experience than e-books.
57. What kind of books does Trends Lounge in Beijing sell?
58. In the writer’s opinion, why are some traditional bookstores providing free WiFi for readers?
59. ____________________________________________________________________
60. ____________________________________________________________________
Ⅸ.词语运用。(共10小题,每题1分,计10分)
根据短文内容及所给提示,在空白处补全单词或用所给词的正确形式填空。
The Great Wall of China, one of the most famous“Seven Wonders”of the 61. a______________ world, runs from the east to the west in North China. It has been a great 62.____________(achieve)in the world and it is special to Chinese people.
The Great Wall was about 7 meters high. In many places it is 63. w________________ enough for ten men to walk side by side along the top. Horses can also run on it.The Great Wall is made of       64. h_____________ stones and bricks (砖).
To build such a great wall over the mountains and down the valleys 65.____________(be) not easy at all. When we look at the Great Wall, we can't help wondering how the Chinese working people were able to build it 66. w____________ any modern machines.
There are tall watchtowers along the Great Wall. Once upon a time, the soldiers 67. __________ (protect) China from the enemies(敌人) day and night. They kept 68. ____________ (watch) the enemies in the watchtowers, and made fire on the towers to tell each other when the enemies came.
69. A_______________ we don't use the Great Wall to keep away the enemies any more today, it is a famous place of interest to all the people in the world. Every year 70.____________ (thousand) of people come to visit it from all over the world.
Ⅹ. 基础写作。(包括A、B两部分,A部分5分,B部分10分,共计15分)
A) 连词成句(共5小题,每题1分,共5分)
根据所给单词或词语,完成句子。要求符合语法,语言通顺,大小写正确。(单词不得重复使用,标点已给出)
71.  played,  you,  football,  ever,  have  ( ? )
72.  already , reading,  I,  finished,  have,  the book  ( . )
73.  is,  the,  in the world,  mountain,  what,  highest   ( ? )
74.  was,  at the time of,  she,  doing,  the rainstorm,  her homework ( . )
75.  will,  the early bus,  be late,  catch,  we,  we,  unless  ( . )
B) 书面表达。 (计10分)
    足够的睡眠时间对于学生来说很重要。然而调查显示,许多中学生睡眠不足。请根据图示内容,简要指出学生睡眠不足的原因并提出建议。
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
要求:  1). 语句通顺,表达正确;
2). 短文必须包括提示中所有内容,并适当发挥;
          3). 词数:80词以上。(开头已经给出,不计入总词数)
It’s very important for us middle school students to have enough sleeping time every day. However,